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Modernity in a Conservative Setting: The Philosophy of Emir Muhammadu Sanusi II By Salisu Muhammad


To fulfill human aspirations, contemporary ideologues are not only instrumental, but apt in shaping major historical changes that seem to have swept away both individual and institutional influences. In view of this therefore, a well- grounded knowledge in various aspects puts the dynamic world in a liberal perspective.

The ceaseless desire to free humanity from the shackles of injustice imposed by rulers, clerics/spiritual walkers and other social components challenge ideologues to arrogate to themselves the burden of enlightening their people.

In this context, Emir Muhammadu Sanusi II happens to be a true representation of an ideologue in traditional setting. The traditional and conservative Northern Nigerian outlook, conceptualizes itself as dormant and extremely reluctant to accept liberal changes.

To achieve not only material sense and spiritual freedom, Sanusi’s dogged appeal for socio-economic and political sanity, as well as, in reasoning, both the society and its leaders must be squarely reshuffled.

Philosophy in a global intellectual tradition receives much patronage throughout human history as each period demonstrated courage and determination in developing both rationalism and empiricism.

During the period of enlightenment, the emergence of Rene Descartes (1596-1650), Adam Weishaupt (1748-1830), Francois Marie Arovet de Voltaire (1694-1778), Denis Diderot (1713-1784) a host of others, injected a new spirit, especially in the pursuit of freedom and social justice to all and sundry.

Therefore, by extension, the chain of this noble tradition is not truncated to central Sudan in which many more are still dreaming for such freedom and intellectual honesty, as well as respect for each other’s choice even if it is against the established old order.

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The conservative Northern Nigeria dragged itself into chaos by frowning at reformers, whose ideology is so progressive and most welcoming.

The level of his intellectual speed is quite noticeable, but vehemently rejected by the Northern elites. He is surely a great royalty who changes artificial human disaster into tremendous blessings. His long time ambition to decode the coded secret of humanity places him at risks in a conservative domain.

Equally, he has endlessly been moving towards a temple of light that encompasses the highest degree to accommodate his thought. To serve in the place of ancestors is undeniable desire of every royal blood regardless of whomever possesses the qualities.

From the ancient period of Epicureanism (341-270BC) to the present, human beings have diligently been in a constant struggle to finally arrive at the famous garden of happiness.

Such privilege of happiness would only be attainable with an absolute guidance of ideologues guiding a society. Their core conviction is to light a candle of truth thereby impacting on the lives of fellow humans.

However, ideologues have long been subjected under torture to the extent of being either crucified or chased away from their communities. Based on their ideological standing, they attracted both visible and invisible enemies from all the walks of life.

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